Mr Thomas has already answered your questions, and the good news is that they're in the Army Lists section of the Napoleonic Wargaming book. With a few minor adjustments to the rules (recommended by Neil himself in the Napoleonic Wargaming book), you can slug it out 18th Century style until your heart is content.
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(I made this photo from the cover of the NT Napoleonic Wargaming book. This is not a real title. No challenge to Mr Thomas intended. Used without permission, etc etc etc.
I've posted a few times on the page usually to no comment but one of the tick-off boxes on my blog goals this year was to post the conversions and instructions on how to run 18th Century battles using the Napoleonic rules from the book. First of all, let's properly cite our sources so we don't get in trouble:
Looking in the Chapter entitled "Napoleonic Wargames Armies" p 105, you will find Army lists for almost every major theater of the Napoleonic wars, including early Republican wars (ca 1792). One of the key characteristics of armies in those battles were that they were organized along the lines of the "ancien regimes" and fighting linear battles similar to the Prussians and Austrians of 40 years earlier. In fact one of the key detriments to Prussia, Saxony, and Austria in the early Napoleonic wars was their tendency to cling to linear doctrine.
So imagine my surprise when I happened across page 111 in the "Napoelonic Wargaming" book!
There are rules for fighting an "Old Regime Army" from 1792-1806, along with special rules to use to make this army, be it Austrian, Prussian, Saxon, etc, a model of a smaller, linear force from a half century previous. Reading over the suggestions and special rules, it makes fighting an SYW totally plausible.
Those rules follow, and if you dont have Napoleonic Wargaming (you should buy it if you don't), you can use the Napoleonic rules from "Wargaming: An Introduction" by Mr Thomas and you'll get more or less the same effect.
- The special rule "linear tactics" is especially important - which doesn't allow a unit to use an assault column. Therefore the only formations allowed are line and columns. I don't allow squares, either.
- Armies are limited to 1 artillery battery, and all artillery hits on a 5-6 now.
- There is also a cool rule in there called "Small is beautiful" where armies may only be composed of 6 units, and given the highly disciplined and trained manner of 18th century troops, you do not have to take a morale test when the first stand is lost.
There is guidance for army composition and it has a decidedly SYW flavor to it, allowing up to 7 infantry units, 1 single elite grenadier unit, 1 artillery unit, and a fixed number of heavy and light cavalry units. the light cavalry have carbines which is great and period appropriate.
I also plan to add some flavorful rules for Prussian drill, Austrian stubbornness, and commanders. I also intend to keep light units fighting as light battalions.
My plan is to test the rules out in a SYW battle on my table, possible using a scenario from the One Hour Wargames book, but forces picked from the Ancien Regime Army in Napoleonic Wargaming. Stay tuned!